Preprint / Version 1

Response from the Rough Grounds of Asia


  • Daniel Franklin Pilario St. Vincent School of Theology, Adamson University



Christian education, theological education, Philippines, contextual theology, interdisciplinarity, Athens model, Berlin model, Jerusalem model, Genova model


My comments would be drawn from the location and context known to me – my experiences as a theologian and educator, my own theological training, and our small attempts in doing and teaching theology in the Philippines. I was also involved in an evaluation of selected theological institutes in the Philippines which was commissioned by the Institute of Missiology in 2011. I am aware that I am speaking from a different context, but I also hope that this sharing of
perspectives will foster collaborative mutuality toward excellence and contextualization of theological education in Asia. My response is divided into four parts patterned after the assigned topics: orientation and goals, teaching methods, interdisciplinary concerns, and beneficiaries and agents of theological education. In the end, I hope to forward a framework for theological education which can hopefully ground all my comments.

Author Biography

Daniel Franklin Pilario, St. Vincent School of Theology, Adamson University

For more articles by Daniel Franklin Pilario please see IxTheo.


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Stephen Bevans, Models of Contextual Theology (Maryknoll, New York Orbis Books, 2002).

P. Bourdieu and L. Wacquant, An Invitation to Reflexive Sociology (Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1992), 194.

P. Bourdieu, Outline of the Theory of Practice (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1977), 9.

Pierre Bourdieu, Pascalian Meditations (London: Polity Press, 2000).

Rémi Brague, “Athens – Jerusalem – Rome,” Communio: International Catholic Review XL, No. 1 (2013): 20-35.

Agnes Brazal and Daniel Franklin Pilario, “Disciplines, Interdisciplinarity and Theology,” Hapág: A Journal of Interdisciplinary Theological Research 4 (2007): 5-25.

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Leonard Fernando, “Orientation and Goals of Theological Formation in India/Asia Today,” Lecture delivered in this conference.

Raúl Fornet-Betancourt, ed., Theologie in III. Millenium – Quo Vadis Antworten de Theologen. Dokumentation einer Weltumfrage (Frankfurt/Main, 2000).

Daniel Franklin Pilario, Back to the Rough Grounds of Praxis: Exploring Theological Method with Pierre Bourdieu (Leuven: Peeters, 2005).

Paulo Freiri and Antonio Faundez, Learning to Question: A Pedagogy of Liberation (Geneva: WCC Publications, 1989).

Patrick Gnana, “How is Theological Formation Done Today? Is there an Integration with Other Disciplines?” Lecture delivered in this conference.

Pushpa Joseph, “Theological Formation Today: Methods, Resources, and Tools,” Lecture delivered in this conference.

David Kelsey, Between Athens and Berlin: The Theological Education Debate (Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1993).

David Kwang-sun Suh, Annette Meutrath and Hyondok Choe, Charting the Future of Theology and Theological Education in Asian Contexts (London: ISPCK, 2004).

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Julie Thompson Klein, “Prospects for Transdisciplinarity,” Futures 36 (2004): 512-526.

Felix Wilfred and Daniel Franklin Pilario, “Evaluation of Selected Theological Institutions in the Philippines: Findings and Recommendations,” Research Commissioned by MWI – Aachen, 3 March 2011.

Ludwig Wittgenstein, Philosophical Investigations (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1958), § 107.